Museums - CNTO
 
 

Museums

Beijing, or "Jing" in the abbreviation form, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the country's political, cultural and international exchange center, and the host city of the 29th Olympic Games in 2008 as well. Located in the north of the North China Plain, Beijing covers an area of 17,000 sq km and has a population of 12.16 million. With a time-honored history and splendid culture, Beijing is one of the famous historical and cultural cities and ancient capitals in the world. With abundant tourism resources, Beijing has opened more than 200 tourist attractions to the public, such as the Palace Museum, the largest imperial palace in the world, The Temple of Heaven where the emperors used to pay homage to Heaven, the Summer Palace, an imperial garden, the Great Wall at Badaling, Mutianyu and Simatai, Prince Gong's Residence which is the largest quadrangle in the world, etc. The metropolis contains 7,309 historical sites, of which 42 are under state protection, and 222 under city protection.

Art Gallery of China

Art Gallery of China

The gallery is a state museum of modern fine arts. One of the ten structures erected in Beijing in the late 1950's. The gallery building is of the Chinese classical architectural style, the design and plan of which had been examined and approved by the former Premier Zhou Enlai. The late Chairman Mao Zedong penned in 1963 the name of the gallery that is painted on the board fixed to the lintel of the gallery entrance.

 The gallery boasts more than 60000 pieces of art works by modern and folk artists. These include Chinese watercolor and ink-and-wash paintings, oil paintings,block prints, picture posters, cartoons, gouaches, illustrations from literary works, lacquer paintings, and many others representing the artistic style of different schools and times. The gallery has attached great importance to the collection of foreign art works in recent years. Among the 117 paintings donated by Mr. and Mrs. Ludwig of Germany are 4 Picasso's works.

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Capital Museum

The plan for the Capital Museum, located in the Confucius Temple, was prepared in 1953. The museum formally opened in 1981. As a major cultural construction project of Beijing and a feature of the government’s “10th Five-Year Plan”, the new Capital Museum was approved by Beijing’s Municipal Government in 1999. It was further approved by the State Council after being submitted by the National Development and Reform Commission in 2001.

Under the concern and guidance of Beijing’s Municipal Government and after four years of hard work, the museum finally made its debut along the western extension of Chang’an Street, the First Street of China. With its magnificent architecture, abundant exhibitions, advanced technology and remarkable functions, the Capital Museum, large and modern, makes its contribution to the titles such as “famous historical and cultural city”, “cultural center” and “international metropolis” of Beijing and ranks among the first class museums both at home and abroad. Ever since the establishment of Beijing’s Capital Museum, it has held hundreds of exhibitions based on various elements of history, from cultural relics, revolutionary heroes, to folk customs and many more. Moreover, the Capital Museum has also held different types of exhibitions on Japan, America, Singapore, Malaysia and several other countries. It has also carried forward numerous contributions that China has made around the world. These exhibitions have depicted several methods of international communication and diplomacy and have been warmly welcomes by both foreign and local audiences.

While visiting Beijing, you may want to stop by the Beijing Capital Museum. With such a rich history, you will certainly enjoy the vibrantly elaborate displays on hand.

 
Museum of the Western Han Tomb, Dabaotai, Beijing

Museum of the Western Han Tomb, Dabaotai, Beijing

The museum is constructed on the site of a unique imperial tomb of 2000 years' standing, the underground palace of Liu Jian, the Western Han (206 B.C.-A.D.24) Prince of Guangyang (73-45 b.C).

 The restored coffin chamber for sightseeing has an entrance carved longitudinally on one side of  the underground palace, sheltered by the earth mound and trees and retaining its solemnity and great antiquity. The spacious underground palace is unique in structure, built according to the standards prescribed for "a Son of Heaven" (an emperor) of the Han Dynasty, which include a coffin made of Chinese catalpa (Catalpa ovata) timber to be buried in an coffin chamber with cypress logs piled up against the walls and ranged on top to covering the ceiling. The museum has a collection of mote than 1000 items of funerary objects from the tomb and some unearthed relics from one of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) ruins.

 On exhibition are the restored coffin chamber, cultural relics, a show of emperor tombs of different dynasties, and others. Tourists could imitate some archaeological research work or take part in activities that have something to do with the Han Dynasty civilization.

 

Zhoukoudian Museum on the Site of Peking Man's Cave Dwelling

Zhoukoudian Museum on the Site of Peking Man's Cave Dwelling

Erected on the site of the cave dwelling of Peking Man 
(sinanthropus pekinensis) habitation in Zhoukoudian on the southwestern suburb of Beijing, the Museum is one for the research of natural heritage.

 The museum has in its storage some 3000 articles, consisting mainly of Peking Man's bone fossils, stone artifacts, traces of Peking Man using fire, and fossils of animal bones.