Museums - CNTO
 
 

Museums

Guangdong Province is situated in the southern part of Chinese mainland and adjoins Hong Kong and Macao, covering an area of 178,800 square kilometers. It has a population of over 94 million made up of Han, Yao, Zhuang, Hui and Manchu peoples. Owing to a subtropical maritime climate, its picturesque landscape is evergreen all the year around.

Guangdong, a window opening to the outside, is the most prosperous and vigorous of provinces in China and meanwhile it possesses graceful cultural treasures inherited from the long history. It boasts historical cities like Guangzhou, Zhaoqing, Chaozhou, Foshan and cultural relics, such as the home of over 100,000-year-old Maba Man, the mysterious treasures of the Nanyue Kingdom of the early Western Han Dynasty and the archaeological traces of the starting point of the Maritime Silk Road.

Its scenery is Lingnan (the area on the south of the Five Ridges) features. You can tour Guangdong's four famous mountains and they are the Danxia Mountain in the north, the Xiqiao Mountain in Nanhai, the Luofu Mountain in Boluo and the Dinghu Mountain in Zhaoqing. Seven-star Rocks is surrounded by ranges and waters. Modern scenic spots are numerous. Splendid China, Window of the World, the New Yuanming Palace and many other theme parks lead you through the past and the present in just one day. Chimelong Paradise, Guangzhou Ocean World, Happy Valley in Shenzhen and Guangzhou Space Wonders present you the wonders on the land, in the sky and under the sea. Evergreen Resort, waterside villages and the Lotus World will make you indulge in the beauties of nature and forget the worldly hustling.

All of these constitute a tourist kaleidoscope waiting for your visit.

Guangdong Provincial Museum

Situated on the former site of the Sun Yat-sen University in Wenming Road, Guangzhou, it is a comprehensive museum at the provincial level. The museum was open to the public in 1959.

The Guangdong Provincial Museum covers an area of 29,000 sq m. It mainly holds local cultural relics, totalling 124,000, such as pottery and porcelain wares, calligraphic works, paintings, ink slabs, gold and wood carvings, coins and excavated cultural relics, of which over 300 are first-class cultural relics, such as Ink Dragon Painting drawn by Chen Rong of the Song Dynasty, the Monkey King Ink Slabs of the Qing Dynasty, and the white glazed statue of Shakyamuni made in 1068, the first year the Xining reign of the Northern Song Dynasty. The Guangdong Provincial Museum is composed of two exhibition halls - Exhibition of Ancient History of Guangdong, and Exhibition of Modern History of Guangdong. On the southern side of the exhibition halls, three iron cannons used by the Chinese army and people in their fight against the British invaders during the Opium War and a meteoric iron weighing over 4,000kg that dropped in Yingde Country over 300 years ago are on display in the open air, In addition, the museum also includes the former site of the First National Congress of the Kuomingtang and Lu Xun Memorial Hall. In 1924, Mr Sun Yat-sen once presided over the First National Congress of the Chinese Kuomintang here.

Museum of Former Residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen

Situated In Cuiheng Village, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, it is a memorial museum with the former residence of Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) as the mainstay. A national AAAA tourist attraction, the museum was constructed in 1956, with an area of about 70,000 sqm, ti is composed of two exhibition halls - "Exhibition of Sun Yat -sen's Life and Great Deeds" and "Exhibition of the Family Members and Descendants of Sun yat -sen", in addition to the "Display Zone of Civilian Residences" and "Display zone of Agriculture". In the surrounding areas of the museum, there are some important historical sites, such as the Feng's Clan Shrine, Orchid Stream and the Ruijie Changgeng Memorial Arch-way where Sun Yat-sen once tried out dynamites.

Museum of Maosoleum of the Nanyue King of the Western Han Dynasty

Situated in Xianggang Mountain in North Jiefang Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, it is a large museum built on the archaeological site, with an area of 14,000 Sq. The Nanyue King Mausoleum is the tomb of the second king of the state of Nanyue in the early Western Han Dynasty with its capital in Panyu and a history of over 2,000 years. It is one of the oldest and largest ancient tombs with the most burial accessories in the early Han Dynasty that have been discovered in the area south of the Five Ridges, and the only tomb built with stones with colorful murals in the coffin chamber.

The tomb built with 750 pieces of large stones is divided into the front and back chambers, which are separated by two doors. Over 1,000 pieces of cultural relics were excavated, and 15 burial figures were discovered in the tomb. A large number of burial accessories and precious cultural relics are on display in five exhibition halls, of which the bronze and pottery wares show the typical culture of the state of Yue in South China. The museum is well known for the three sets of the bronze chime-bells, 36 bronze ding, 36 bronze mirrors, three gold seals and over 240 jade objects, which are called the " cultural light of the area south of the Five Ridges", and "national treasures". This museum has been listed as a key cultural relic unit under state protection and a national AAAA scenic area, and is among the 80 famous museums in the world

Opium War Museum

Situated in Humen Town, Dongguan City, Guangdong Province. it is a museum specialized in the collection, protection, display and study of the opium banning by Lin Zexu(1785-1850), a national hero of China, and the cultural and historical relics on the Opium War. it has been listed as a national AAAA scenic area. First constructed in 1957, the Opium War Museum is in the shape of a fortification with built-in cannons of the Qing Dynasty, and is composed of the headquarters of the museum, the Shalu Fort Administration Office, Weiyuan Fort Administration office, the pot where Lin Zzexu Had opium destroyed, and the Exhibition of Lin Zexu Banning Opium and History of the Opium War.