As a world cultural heritage, the Mountain Resort is the biggest royal garden extant in China. Also known as the Rdhe Temporary Imperial Palace, it used to be the place where the emperors of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) escaped from the summer heat and engaged in various political activities.
The Resort accommodates mountains, plains, and lakes, which form a changeable terrain. Based on the terrain, more than 120 architectures were built, including masions, towers, palaces, attics, houses, pavilions, temples, corridors and bridges. Among them, the 36 scenic spots named by Emperor Kangxi (1654-1722) with four Chinese characters and the 36 scenes entitled by Emperor Qianlong (1711-1799) with three Chinese characters are the most famous.